Applying the Skills: Literature Searching e-learning final module now available

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The final module, How to Search the Healthcare Databases, of the seven module How to Search the Literature Effectively programme has now been published. The programme aims to help health and social care professionals develop confidence in searching for and identifying relevant articles in support of work, study and research.

Each modules features a mix of explanatory material, video demonstrations and opportunities to ‘check understanding’ via practice search screens.

Module 1 Introduction to searching
Module 2 Where do I start searching?
Module 3 How do I start to develop a search strategy?
Module 4 Too many results? How to narrow your search
Module 5 Too few results? How to broaden your search
Module 6 Searching with subject headings
Module 7 How to search the Healthcare Databases (HDAS)

See our blog post New NHS e-learning programme on literature searching now available for an overview of the programme.

Module seven pulls together skills learnt from the earlier modules and encourages users to apply that learning when using the Healthcare Databases Advanced Search (HDAS). The module can be completed as a part of the whole programme, or as a standalone module for users already familiar with literature searching but who would like to try searching the Healthcare Databases for the first time or need to refresh their skills.

All modules are freely available and can be accessed without the need to login on the eLearning for Healthcare web site https://www.e-lfh.org.uk/programmes/literature-searching/. If you wish to record and save your learning you will need to login via NHS OpenAthens.

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The NHS in England at 70

To celebrate 70 years of the NHS, St George’s Library takes a look over its history

As the NHS marks its 70th year, a look over its history can help to draw into focus the achievements of its time so far, along with the changes that have taken place both within the service itself and in the society which it serves. Created on the basis that good quality healthcare should be available to all, the NHS rested upon three core principles: that it meet the needs of everyone; that it be free at the point of delivery; and that it be based on clinical need, not the ability to pay. These principles retain their importance 70 years on.

At its inauguration in 1948 the NHS was a three part system, with hospitals, general practice and local health authorities being run separately, though by the 1960s this model was increasingly seen to be ineffective. Numerous reports during the 1960s set out recommendations for the future development and structure of the service, but it was 1974 before the NHS was reorganised into regional authorities covering all three parts of the system. In the intervening period, authority for NHS services has continued to change, from 1991 when the first NHS Trusts were established, to 2002 with the introduction of Primary Care Trusts, and the current situation which gives authority and responsibility to Clinical Commisioning Groups (CCGs) and NHS Foundation Trusts, amongst others.

Amidst the 70 year history of the NHS, sit a number of innovations in treatment. The first kidney transplant was carried out in 1960, the first IVF baby was born in 1978, and the first successful gene therapy took place in 2002. In addition, changes to the approach to treatment have taken place, such as the Mental Health Act 1983, which introduced the issue of consent to treatment; under the prior Act of 1959, there was no requirement for patient consent.

Underpinning developments in healthcare services and practice all the while, has been the accessibility and use of relevant information and knowledge. As outlined by a blog post on The King’s Fund website, that organisation (when named King Edward’s Hospital Fund for London) provided an information service for hospitals and other organisations interested in hospital work even before the advent of the NHS. In November 1948 the service was formalised as the Division of Hospital Facilities, which included an Information Bureau and a Reference Library.

Today, Health Education England continues that commitment to enable NHS staff to access the information that can help shape good quality healthcare, and the library at St George’s is one of 215 NHS library services that supports NHS staff access and use of information resources for study, research and clinical practice. St George’s Library existed before the advent of the NHS as it supported St George’s Hospital and Medical School going back to the 1700s. Fortunately, developments in the provision of library services have also taken place over the years, meaning that current members no longer have to observe the following regulation:

11. A Member wishing to read a Book in the Reading Room must write the title of the Book, and his name on a piece of paper, and hand it to the Librarian, who alone is to take books from the shelves and replace them.

(Historic Regulations for the Library and Reading Room of St George’s Medical School)

The NHS70 website provides more on the history and the future of the National Health Service, as well as up to date news on celebrations of this milestone. The NHS England website also provides a decade by decade timeline of the service outlining more of the significant medical developments and innovations to have taken place in the NHS, alongside the key pieces of legislation and structural changes affecting the delivery of services by NHS staff throughout the past 70 years.

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NHS OpenAthens resources now accessible through Google Scholar and PubMed

All St George’s Trust staff with OpenAthens accounts now have access to those resources directly from Google Scholar and PubMed. The display of OpenAthens links in these platforms can be set up by following a few quick steps.

Setting up Google Scholar links:

  1. Click on the menu at the top left of the Google Scholar home page
  2. Select ‘Settings’
  3. Select ‘Library links’
  4. Search for ‘st george’
  5. Select ‘St George’s University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust’
  6. Click Save

All searches in Google Scholar will display a ‘St George’s Trust OpenAthens’ link next to results where full-text is available:

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(Note that these steps need to be followed separately on each device you use).

Setting up PubMed links:

  1. Login to My NCBI. If you do not have an account, register here
  2. Under ‘Filters’, ensure that PubMed is selected in the drop-down menu, and click on ‘Manage Filters’
  3. Select LinkOut from the available filter categories, and search for St George’s
  4. Next to the entry for St George’s University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, check the boxes under the Filter and Link Icon columns

All searches in PubMed will display a ‘St George’s Trust OpenAthens’ filter when you are signed in to My NCBI. When viewing the abstract of an individual result, where full-text is available a St George’s Library icon will be displayed under ‘Full text links’ on the right of the page:

 

More detailed step-by-step guides are available on the SGUL Library website.

Copyright: What NHS staff need to know

CLA NHS England copyright- posterThe rules regarding copyright and knowing what you can legally copy can be confusing. Questions about copyright might arise when considering whether a journal club can print multiple copies of an article for members? Whether staff are allowed to distribute printed or digital copies of articles to other colleagues? How much of a book are you legally allowed to photocopy?

The CLA Licence for NHS staff in England is the licence that provides the terms for what NHS staff are allowed to photocopy, scan and share from most copyrighted print and digital works.

What is covered by the licence?

The licence allows individuals to make copies from almost everything which has been purchased, subscribed or donated to the NHS in England. There are a small number of excluded works, if you’re unsure if a work is covered by the licence then the best way to check is via the CLA’s Check Permissions tool https://www.cla.co.uk/index.php/nhs-england-licence

Who is covered by the licence?

The licence covers all staff working for or contracted by the NHS including primary and acute care staff, public health staff employed by local authorities, those working for DHSC arms’-lengths bodies and special health authorities, and those providing NHS-commissioned care such as Hospice staff. The licence also covers HEI students and staff who are on temporary or permanent placements with the NHS in England.

What can be copied under the licence?

  • 2 articles from a single journal issue or several articles from an issue if it is dedicated to a particular theme.
  • 1 chapter or 5% of a book (whichever is the greatest)
  • There are no restrictions on how many copies you can make, and you can make copies of copies too.
  • Digital copies can be stored – but they must be kept on your own PC or a secure network which you may share with colleagues.
  • Only single paper copies can be made for patients or carers

What can I share?

You may share print or digital copies with work colleagues covered by the licence including via email.

What else do I need to know?

You are obligated to protect the rights of copyright owners, to always copy within the limits of the licence and to always acknowledge sources of information when writing.

More information about copyright can be found at the Copyright Licencing Agency website

A poster is also available for staff to display next to photocopiers.

Or if you have any questions regarding the copying and sharing of copyrighted works for NHS staff please contact the NHS Liaison Team liaison@sgul.ac.uk

New NHS e-learning programme on literature searching now available

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A new e-learning programme providing guidance on how to plan and carry out literature searches is now available on the e-Learning for Healthcare (e-LfH) platform. The project is intended for both clinical and non-clinical healthcare staff, and aims to help develop confidence in searching for and identifying relevant articles in support of work, study and research.

The seven module course is specifically for those with less experience in searching healthcare databases for literature, or those who wish to refresh their knowledge of the principles of effective searching. Each of the short modules can be completed in 20 minutes or less, and have been designed such that they might be used individually, or completed as a course.

The first three modules titled, ‘Building the Foundations’, were launched in November of 2017 and provide users with some guidance on the resources that are available, how to get started with planning a search, and the use of OR/AND in combining search terms.

The second set of three modules, ‘Developing the skills’, has recently been made available, and these focus on how to narrow a search when too many results are returned, how to broaden searches with too few results, as well as covering how to search using subject headings.

The seventh and final module on ‘Applying the skills’ will be available in April 2018.

You can access the modules password-free, but if want to record and save your learning, log in via NHS OpenAthens. To access the e-learning  visit: https://www.e-lfh.org.uk/programmes/literature-searching/

#AMillionDecisions NHS Pop-up Library: Wednesday 29th November 12-2pm, Ingredients Restaurant

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Every day more than a million decisions are made across the NHS and healthcare sector. Under the Health and Social Care Act 2012, there is a responsibility for health services to ensure use of evidence obtained from research to inform these decisions.

#AMillionDecisions is a campaign from CILIP and Health Education England, calling for decisions in the health care sector to be fully evidence based.

In support of the St George’s Trust’s Quality Improvement Week, 27th November – 1st December, we’re highlighting how St George’s Library can help staff make those million decisions evidence-based at our pop up library stall on Wednesday 29th, 12-2pm.

The Library provides a wide range of  free information services with the aim of  providing timely and efficient access to information to underpin quality healthcare provision.

These services range from providing access to high-caliber relevant e-resources and training on how to search for and critically appraise information, to CARES, our Clinical and Research Enquiry Service.

To find out more, visit our pop-up library stall on Wednesday 29th November, 12-2pm, Ingredients Restaurant, Level 1, Lanesborough Wing or join the campaign by sharing your thoughts and experiences on Twitter using the hashtag #AMillionDecisions.

A Million Decisions

a million decisions logo

Every day more than a million decisions are made across the NHS and healthcare sector. Under the Health and Social Care Act 2012, there is a responsibility for health services to ensure use of evidence obtained from research  to inform these decisions.

#AMillionDecisions is a campaign from CILIP and Health Education England, calling for decisions in the health care sectore to be fully evidence based.

During #Librariesweek, we’re highlighting how we can help make those #amilliondecisions evidence-based for our NHS colleagues.  At St George’s Library, we provide a wide range of  free services to support St George’s NHS staff, from access to relevant e-resources and training on how to search for and critically appraise information, to CARES, our Clinical and Research Enquiry Service.

Join the campaign by sharing your thoughts and experiences on Twitter using the hashtag #AMillionDecisions

 

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