Open Access: Green and Gold

St George’s researchers: read on to find out how to make research open access, and how to win a £30 Amazon voucher…

There are two different ways to make your research articles open access: the green route and the gold route.

Green Open Access

Green Open Access: What is it?

Green open access means making your research articles freely available via a subject or institutional repository (such as SORA, SGUL’s institutional repository), after any embargo period required by the publisher has passed.

What do I need to do?

When your article is accepted for publication, create a basic record in the CRIS (Current Research Information System for St George’s Researchers) and upload your author’s accepted manuscript to it. . (This is the version after any changes resulting from peer review, but before the publisher’s formatting and copy editing.) We will then check the record and apply any embargo period before making it live in SORA.

For more guidance, please log in to your CRIS profile and click on the Help tab at the top right hand side.

If you have any questions, see our website or contact sora@sgul.ac.uk

 

Gold Open Access

Gold Open Access: What is it?

Gold open access means making your research articles freely available on the publisher’s website when they’re published, usually under a license which allows for reuse.

What do I need to do?

Find out if the journal you’re publishing in has an open access option, and then see if you have any funding available to pay for it.

Some publishers offer discounts or waivers for SGUL researchers: check our page on open access fees to see if any of them apply to you.

If your research is funded:

RCUK and COAF (a partnership of six health research charities) have provided us with funds to make articles arising from that research open access. To find out if you’re eligible, see our website or email openaccess@sgul.ac.uk

If your research is funded by another grant, check with your grants officer to see if there are any funds in it for open access publications.

If your research is unfunded:

Consider applying to our new Institutional Fund for open access publication fees – see the link on our open access webpage.


Open Access Week Competition

Win a £30 Amazon voucher: follow our Twitter account @sgullibrary to enter our competition on this year’s OA week theme “Open in order to…”  – tell us why you think ‘Open’ is good. (See our blog post and Terms and Conditions for how to enter).

 

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Open Access Open Research

SGUL’s open access institutional repository SORA now has over two thousand full text publications written by SGUL researchers freely available online, a great milestone for SGUL to celebrate in International Open Access Week 2017.

On average there are over 1800 downloads of papers per month from SORA, the papers are indexed in SGUL’s Hunter, and in Google for maximum discoverability:

Screenshot of St George's Online Research Archive website

Win a £30 Amazon voucher: follow the library’s Twitter account @sgullibrary to enter our competition on this year’s OA week theme “Open in order to…” – tell us why you think ‘Open’ is good. (See our blog post and Terms and Conditions for how to enter).

Open access publication is a requirement of many of the big funders in biomedical and life sciences research due to its role in making research more accessible, more discoverable and more impactful1.

On the 4th October the Wellcome Trust released a new science strategy, Improving health through the best research. In it, they reaffirm their commitment to open research:

“Scientific knowledge achieves its greatest value when it is readily available to be used by others. And if knowledge generated with Wellcome support can be used for the improvement of health, it should be.”

Open research is an umbrella term bringing together a variety of efforts to make scientific research transparent and reproducible, and to increase its impact on policy, practice and technological advances. Open access publication is an important part of open research, helping to make research outputs accessible and useable by anyone. Another key tenet of open research is open data, and St George’s has recently launched a data repository to enable researchers to share, store and preserve their research content.

Queen’s University, Belfast, has put together some examples of how open access has benefitted their researchers.


For further information, please visit our open access webpage or contact openaccess@sgul.ac.uk.

 

1 The Open Access Citation Advantage Service, SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition) Accessed 19 October 2017

 

Open in order to…

The theme of this year’s International Open Access Week, which runs from 23rd-29th October, is “Open in order to…”. This year the focus is on thinking about possibilities are opened up by making research outputs open access.

Win a £30 Amazon voucher: follow the library’s Twitter account @sgullibrary to enter our competition on this year’s OA week theme “Open in order to…” – tell us why you think ‘Open’ is good. (For terms and conditions, and how to enter, see the end of this post.)

Open in Order to Open Access banner for 2017

Here are some reasons why research is made “open in order to…”

…improve public health

Breakthroughs in medical science are frequently in the news, but the research publications underpinning the headlines are often locked away behind a publisher’s paywall. For example, the research article referred to in this recent article from the BBC  is currently only available to subscribers to the British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and many publications cited in the recent award of the Nobel Prizes for Chemistry and Physics are not publicly accessible. By contrast, a recent study by SGUL researchers on meningitis in children was published in an open access journal, meaning that the full article can be read by anyone, anywhere in the world, at any time.

Open access research allows anyone who is interested to read and evaluate the research for themselves. This might include:

  • Medical professionals wanting to improve patient care;
  • Members of the public wanting to learn more about a condition they have;
  • Journalists wanting to report more accurately on the story;
  • Policy makers;
  • Researchers whose institutions don’t subscribe to the journal the research is published in, or who are operating outside an institution.

Opening up research helps improve public health by increasing access to academic research.

 

…raise the visibility of my research

Studies1 have consistently shown a citation advantage for open access publications over closed access ones. Depositing your work in a repository increases the avenues by which your research can be discovered, as well as helping readers to follow your research from paper to paper more easily by collecting them all together.

 

…enable global participation in research

Making research open enables all researchers to access it and removes the financial barrier for those working in less well funded institutions, as well as independent researchers working outside institutions. Making your data and publications accessible for free and licensing it under terms which allow for reuse means that other researchers can pick up on and build on your research, benefitting the global research community as a whole.

 

…find new collaborators

Making your work open helps researchers on related topics find it and identify possibilities for collaboration. Open access can also promote cross-disciplinary working by making it easier for researchers to access work outside their own discipline.

1 The Open Access Citation Advantage Service, SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition) Accessed 19 October 2017

 

How to enter:

Follow @sgullibrary on Twitter and complete the phrase “Open in order to…” using the hashtag #openinorderto and @sgullibrary’s Twitter handle.

Terms and Conditions:

  1. The competition will run from Monday 23 October 2017 until Sunday 29 October 2017.
  2. The prize draw is open to anyone with a valid SGUL ID.
  3. Winners will be chosen from all valid entries once the competition has closed on Sunday 29 October 2017.
  4. Winners will be contacted via Twitter. Be sure to check your account.
  5. The prize can only be collected in person from St George’s Library on production of a valid ID card.
  6. Prizes must be collected within two weeks of notification.
  7. The Judges’ decision is final and no correspondence will be entered in to.
  8. Photos of the prize winners will be taken to be used in publicity on Library media channels.
  9. One prize winner will be selected, unless the prize is not collected by the deadline, in which case the uncollected prize will be reselected (once only).
  10. Your tweets may be reused by St George’s Library for future promotional or informational purposes.
  11. Entries must contain the hashtag #openinorderto and must tag the library’s Twitter account @sgullibrary.

 


To find out more about open access, contact openaccess@sgul.ac.uk or visit the Library open access webpages.

How to find Open Access articles

There are various tools to help you find open access versions of articles that are otherwise only available with a subscription to the journal (or by paying an access fee). These include:

  • OA DOI (https://oadoi.org/): If you know the DOI (digital object identifier) of the article you’re looking for, you can paste it onto the end of this web address to find open access versions of the article.
  • Unpaywall (http://unpaywall.org/): This is a browser extension for Firefox and Google Chrome. Once you’ve installed it, any time you find an article behind a paywall, you can click on the padlock icon on the right hand side of the screen and be taken straight to an open access version of the article, if there’s one available.
  • Open Access Button (https://openaccessbutton.org/): a similar tool to Unpaywall, this also allows you to search for an article directly from their website and request copies of articles from authors.
  • Canary Haz (http://www.canaryhaz.com/): a new tool, currently being tested, which as well as finding open access versions of articles can also help access content the library has subscribed to whilst off campus, and link from the pre-print to the final published version of an article. Sign up required for free service, company will be making a premium version available.

For more information on Open Access have a look at the Library Open Access FAQs

This week is International Open Access Week

oawbanner
On 8th September 2016 the BBC reported that a British student, Will Broadway, has invented a mobile fridge designed to transport vaccines that will affect the lives of millions of people around the world. Another noteworthy aspect to this story is that the student will not be seeking to patent the invention:

“I wanted to make something for people who have next to nothing. It should be a basic human right, in my opinion, to have a vaccination. “I don’t think that it should be patented to restrict use.”

With this week being International Open Access week, this story is a great demonstration of how choosing to put ‘open’ into action can bring benefits to the medical and healthcare world.

Open Access week is an international event that seeks to highlight the benefits of Open Access, as well as celebrating the achievements in making research openly available. The Open Access movement has been around for some time, and building upon the Budapest Open Access Initiative in 2002, funders like the Wellcome Trust & Medical Research Council introduced Open Access policies in 2006. Over the course of the past 10 years the move to making research freely and openly available has gathered momentum. Many research funders now require any research that they support to be made available as Open Access and actively support the dissemination of research findings to encourage further discoveries. The Wellcome Trust is even going so far as to launch its own platform to allow researchers to easily and quickly publish their findings – on the Wellcome Open Research site.

Here at St George’s we too are playing our part, the Institutional Repository, SORA, has been steadily growing and currently has over 1500 research papers deposited within it that are either immediately open access, or will be openly available after a short embargo period. This includes important papers such as the recent paper by Professor Dalgleish et al, which was highlighted by St George’s recently, which has highlighted significant advances in the treatment of pancreatic cancer, and is an article that is fully open access.

More about SGUL research in SORA:

  • 1,500 full text & rising (immediately open or open after short embargo)
  • All work is peer reviewed
  • Full text in indexed in Google & Hunter
  • Average downloads per month so far in 2016: 1370

oa-usage-graph

What you can do

  • So, for Open Access week, why not have a look at SORA and discover the benefits of Open Research?
  • Look out for Open Access Week tweets from @sgullibrary
  • Join the movement to put open into action

For more information on open access please visit the Library open access webpages, or contact openaccess@sgul.ac.uk

Chrissie Phillips
Jennifer Smith
Research Publications and Open Access

SORA has passed 1000 full text publications freely available online!

The logo for SORAWe’re pleased that SGUL’s open access institutional repository, SORA (St George’s Online Research Archive) has now made over one thousand full text publications written by researchers at SGUL freely available online.

Many of the big funders in biomedical and life sciences research require publications reporting the results of research they’ve funded to be available on open access, because open access will

  • Allow research to have maximum impact around the world, by letting researchers read and build on work already done ( You Tube How Open Access Empowered a 16-Year-Old to Make Cancer Breakthrough)
  • Increase citation advantage (PLOS One article on citation advantage)
  • Increase visibility and discoverability of your research (SHERPA FAQs explain how Google & Google Scholar search favours OAI-repository material and normally ranks it higher than an individuals’ websites)
  • Engage more members of the public with your research (podcast with Peter Suber)

For more information on open access please visit the Library open access webpages, or contact openaccess@sgul.ac.uk

Nora Mulvaney
Jennifer Smith
Research Publications and Open Access

BIS Committee publishes Government Response and RCUK Response to Open Access Report

oa_logoThe Business, Innovation and Skills Committee has published the Government Response and the RCUK Response to the Committee’s Fifth Report of Session 2013–14, Open Access. Some points of interest in the Third Special Report are:

 

  • The Government’s OA policy is based on the principle that the taxpayer should have free access to the published findings of research that has been publicly funded
  • Publication of research results is seen as an integral part of the research process
  • There is discussion of Gold and Green options as routes towards open access, and an intention to look at methods to address ‘double dipping’
  • There is a new initiative for developing a European infrastructure for bioscience research data http://www.elixir-europe.org/about
  • HEFCE is finalising its proposals for the post 2014 REF, to possibley include a mandate of immediate deposit in an appropriate institutional repository; see the recent HEFCE consultation on open access
  • A cost benefit analysis of the Government’s OA policy is to be undertaken

For links to the reports please click here

For more information on open access at SGUL, please see the Library Open Access FAQs