Open Access: Green and Gold

St George’s researchers: read on to find out how to make research open access, and how to win a £30 Amazon voucher…

There are two different ways to make your research articles open access: the green route and the gold route.

Green Open Access

Green Open Access: What is it?

Green open access means making your research articles freely available via a subject or institutional repository (such as SORA, SGUL’s institutional repository), after any embargo period required by the publisher has passed.

What do I need to do?

When your article is accepted for publication, create a basic record in the CRIS (Current Research Information System for St George’s Researchers) and upload your author’s accepted manuscript to it. . (This is the version after any changes resulting from peer review, but before the publisher’s formatting and copy editing.) We will then check the record and apply any embargo period before making it live in SORA.

For more guidance, please log in to your CRIS profile and click on the Help tab at the top right hand side.

If you have any questions, see our website or contact sora@sgul.ac.uk

 

Gold Open Access

Gold Open Access: What is it?

Gold open access means making your research articles freely available on the publisher’s website when they’re published, usually under a license which allows for reuse.

What do I need to do?

Find out if the journal you’re publishing in has an open access option, and then see if you have any funding available to pay for it.

Some publishers offer discounts or waivers for SGUL researchers: check our page on open access fees to see if any of them apply to you.

If your research is funded:

RCUK and COAF (a partnership of six health research charities) have provided us with funds to make articles arising from that research open access. To find out if you’re eligible, see our website or email openaccess@sgul.ac.uk

If your research is funded by another grant, check with your grants officer to see if there are any funds in it for open access publications.

If your research is unfunded:

Consider applying to our new Institutional Fund for open access publication fees – see the link on our open access webpage.


Open Access Week Competition

Win a £30 Amazon voucher: follow our Twitter account @sgullibrary to enter our competition on this year’s OA week theme “Open in order to…”  – tell us why you think ‘Open’ is good. (See our blog post and Terms and Conditions for how to enter).

 

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Open Access Open Research

SGUL’s open access institutional repository SORA now has over two thousand full text publications written by SGUL researchers freely available online, a great milestone for SGUL to celebrate in International Open Access Week 2017.

On average there are over 1800 downloads of papers per month from SORA, the papers are indexed in SGUL’s Hunter, and in Google for maximum discoverability:

Screenshot of St George's Online Research Archive website

Win a £30 Amazon voucher: follow the library’s Twitter account @sgullibrary to enter our competition on this year’s OA week theme “Open in order to…” – tell us why you think ‘Open’ is good. (See our blog post and Terms and Conditions for how to enter).

Open access publication is a requirement of many of the big funders in biomedical and life sciences research due to its role in making research more accessible, more discoverable and more impactful1.

On the 4th October the Wellcome Trust released a new science strategy, Improving health through the best research. In it, they reaffirm their commitment to open research:

“Scientific knowledge achieves its greatest value when it is readily available to be used by others. And if knowledge generated with Wellcome support can be used for the improvement of health, it should be.”

Open research is an umbrella term bringing together a variety of efforts to make scientific research transparent and reproducible, and to increase its impact on policy, practice and technological advances. Open access publication is an important part of open research, helping to make research outputs accessible and useable by anyone. Another key tenet of open research is open data, and St George’s has recently launched a data repository to enable researchers to share, store and preserve their research content.

Queen’s University, Belfast, has put together some examples of how open access has benefitted their researchers.


For further information, please visit our open access webpage or contact openaccess@sgul.ac.uk.

 

1 The Open Access Citation Advantage Service, SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition) Accessed 19 October 2017

 

Open in order to…

The theme of this year’s International Open Access Week, which runs from 23rd-29th October, is “Open in order to…”. This year the focus is on thinking about possibilities are opened up by making research outputs open access.

Win a £30 Amazon voucher: follow the library’s Twitter account @sgullibrary to enter our competition on this year’s OA week theme “Open in order to…” – tell us why you think ‘Open’ is good. (For terms and conditions, and how to enter, see the end of this post.)

Open in Order to Open Access banner for 2017

Here are some reasons why research is made “open in order to…”

…improve public health

Breakthroughs in medical science are frequently in the news, but the research publications underpinning the headlines are often locked away behind a publisher’s paywall. For example, the research article referred to in this recent article from the BBC  is currently only available to subscribers to the British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and many publications cited in the recent award of the Nobel Prizes for Chemistry and Physics are not publicly accessible. By contrast, a recent study by SGUL researchers on meningitis in children was published in an open access journal, meaning that the full article can be read by anyone, anywhere in the world, at any time.

Open access research allows anyone who is interested to read and evaluate the research for themselves. This might include:

  • Medical professionals wanting to improve patient care;
  • Members of the public wanting to learn more about a condition they have;
  • Journalists wanting to report more accurately on the story;
  • Policy makers;
  • Researchers whose institutions don’t subscribe to the journal the research is published in, or who are operating outside an institution.

Opening up research helps improve public health by increasing access to academic research.

 

…raise the visibility of my research

Studies1 have consistently shown a citation advantage for open access publications over closed access ones. Depositing your work in a repository increases the avenues by which your research can be discovered, as well as helping readers to follow your research from paper to paper more easily by collecting them all together.

 

…enable global participation in research

Making research open enables all researchers to access it and removes the financial barrier for those working in less well funded institutions, as well as independent researchers working outside institutions. Making your data and publications accessible for free and licensing it under terms which allow for reuse means that other researchers can pick up on and build on your research, benefitting the global research community as a whole.

 

…find new collaborators

Making your work open helps researchers on related topics find it and identify possibilities for collaboration. Open access can also promote cross-disciplinary working by making it easier for researchers to access work outside their own discipline.

1 The Open Access Citation Advantage Service, SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition) Accessed 19 October 2017

 

How to enter:

Follow @sgullibrary on Twitter and complete the phrase “Open in order to…” using the hashtag #openinorderto and @sgullibrary’s Twitter handle.

Terms and Conditions:

  1. The competition will run from Monday 23 October 2017 until Sunday 29 October 2017.
  2. The prize draw is open to anyone with a valid SGUL ID.
  3. Winners will be chosen from all valid entries once the competition has closed on Sunday 29 October 2017.
  4. Winners will be contacted via Twitter. Be sure to check your account.
  5. The prize can only be collected in person from St George’s Library on production of a valid ID card.
  6. Prizes must be collected within two weeks of notification.
  7. The Judges’ decision is final and no correspondence will be entered in to.
  8. Photos of the prize winners will be taken to be used in publicity on Library media channels.
  9. One prize winner will be selected, unless the prize is not collected by the deadline, in which case the uncollected prize will be reselected (once only).
  10. Your tweets may be reused by St George’s Library for future promotional or informational purposes.
  11. Entries must contain the hashtag #openinorderto and must tag the library’s Twitter account @sgullibrary.

 


To find out more about open access, contact openaccess@sgul.ac.uk or visit the Library open access webpages.

Free webinar: Transparent reporting of health research is essential – Presenter Professor Doug Altman

Presenter: Prof Doug Altman, Director of the Centre for Statistics in Medicine in Oxford; senior statistics editor at the BMJ, co-editor-in-chief of Trials and Founder of the Equator Network.

Date: 11 February 2013

Time:  15:00 GMT (London)
The webinar will last approximately 1 hour.

Language: conducted in English only.

Sound knowledge of the key principles of reporting various types of health research is crucial for researchers and professionals involved in the publication of medical research. The consequences of non-publication or selective reporting of research findings are far reaching and impact on future science and most of all on patients’ care.

By documenting the most common shortcomings in the health research literature, this webinar will help you to understand why accurate reporting is an ethical imperative and an essential component of good research practice.

Via: Blackboard Collaborate.

Registration: Deadline: 6 February 2013

To register, please email Shona Kirtley at shona.kirtley@csm.ox.ac.uk and include your name, institution/organisation, email address and country. An email confirmation (including connection and audio details) will be sent to all those who register.

Shona Kirtley, Research Information Specialist

EQUATOR Network, Centre for Statistics in Medicine, University of Oxford

EQUATOR Symposion: Accuracy, Completeness, and Transparency in health research reporting

equatorSlides and videos of talks at the Scientific Symposium, on the publication of health research studies, organised by the EQUATOR Network and the German Cochrane Centre 11-12 October 2012 Freiburg, Germany are available here:

http://www.equator-network.org/courses-events/equator-events/scientific-symposium-and-4th-annual-lecture-2012/

Many excellent speakers include John Ioannidis, Iain Chalmers, Doug Altman, Liz Wager, Ginny Barbour.

Journals – an academic Spring?

As reported widely this week, including The Chronicle Elsevier Publishing Boycott Gathers Steam Among Academics and The Economist  The Price of Information a series of posts  by Professor Timothy Gowers of Cambridge University has prompted a huge debate in the online community (including Twitter #RWA  #openaccess ) around the current model for scholarly communication via journals, high fees from publishers, and alternative models which could be much less costly.

Professor Gowers has organized a boycott of Elsevier because, he says, its pricing and policies restrict access to work that should be much more easily available. Since the boycott website opened on January 21 http://thecostofknowledge.com/ over 3,000 researchers have signed, pledging not to publish, referee, or do editorial work for any Elsevier journal.

Elsevier and other publishers exist to make a profit, they can’t be criticised for that, but is this how public-funded research should be disseminated? We pay for the research, then we pay again (if we can afford it) to have access to research papers.

The technology exists to use alternative models, and although can’t happen overnight – it will need a significant change of culture, if there is a will amongst the academic community then this could represent a tremendous step forward for ‘open research’ and save a large amount of public funds along the way.

As the Economist article notes “publishers need academics more than academics need publishers”.

Update: March 12 2012
Elsevier announced on their website on 27th February that they had withdrawn their support of the Research Works Act. Further comment on this action can be found in the Chronicle article “Legislation to Bar Public-Access Requirement on Federal Research Is Dead“.

To explore the possibilities for Open Science and how online tools could be used to transform scholarly communication see Michael Nielson‘s book “Reinventing Discovery“.

Cracking Open the Scientific Process

A very thought-provoking article appeared in the New York Times this week entitled “Cracking Open the Scientific Process” written by Thomas Lin which discusses the ‘Open Science’ movement and possible moves away from the traditional journal publishing model.

Also this week Michael B. Eisen, a strong supporter of Open Science, gives his response to the US The Research Works Act in another New York Times article Research Bought, Then Paid For and in several posts on his blog.

Similar issues have been discussed in the Guardian article by George Monbiot in August 2011 “Academic publishers make Murdoch look like a socialist” .